BOOK OF DANIEL – The Inferiority Complex

Posted by on May 7, 2018 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on BOOK OF DANIEL – The Inferiority Complex

The Inferiority Complex

As we move from Nebuchadnezzar (whom we said is represented by the image’s head of gold) do not be confused nor misled as to the brevity of detail that Daniel uses in interpreting the different parts of the statue that Nebuchadnezzar saw in his dream. Case in point is Daniel 2:39 which only briefly tells us, “After you there will arise another kingdom inferior to you, then another third kingdom of bronze, which will rule over all the earth.” (NASB)

If Nebuchadnezzar wondered if his kingdom was going to last any length of time he was mistaken. Daniel points this fact out by saying “after you” another kingdom would rise and then a third. Nebuchadnezzar surely would not have thought these kingdoms were extensions of the kingdom of Babylon for Daniel would surely have said “heir” and not “kingdom”. Another clue is the description Daniel uses of the next kingdom after Babylon. This kingdom Daniel describes as inferior. In order for you to understand the points I wish to highlight in this verse, it is necessary for me to tell you who is represented as the second and third kingdoms. When doing this type of verse by verse study, I attempt to keep to the text in hand unless it necessitates some further explanation for the reader to understand the context. This is one of those instances. Suffice it to say, the second kingdom is later identified in the book of Daniel as the Mede and Persian Empire. The third kingdom was, of course, the Greek Empire. Rather than go to the specific verses in Daniel that identifies these two kingdoms, let me ask that you bear with me as we will naturally arrive at them in time. I can assure you the two kingdoms are correct and not, as some critics claim, the Medes as kingdom two and the Persians as kingdom three. Some also argue how the Medes and Persians followed by the Greeks could be “inferior” to Babylon, as they both had a much greater land mass. An alternative argument used by critics is that the Medes must be the second kingdom, referenced as without their allegiance with Persia they did not have a large land mass. But this assertion is simply false. When Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon he was ruler of what was known as the Achaemenid dynasty, which was the first Persian Empire (modern day Iran). But the Achaemenid dynasty was not the first Iranian empire. By the 6th century BC a group of Iranian peoples had already established what became the short-lived Median Empire. It was this empire that had freed themselves from the dominance of the Assyrians incorporating the Persians into their empire. Around 550 BC Cyrus rebelled against the Medes and successfully conquered them, thus creating the first real Persian Empire. He is considered to be the first true king of the Persian Empire, as his predecessors were subservient to the Medes. These facts sadly do not stop critics arguing their mute points.

But these arguments fall down just like the statue by the very nature that whatever the size of land each kingdom had, it did not stop each from conquering the other. So, the inferiority must apply to something else.

It is a stunning use of imagery by God providing Nebuchadnezzar the dream of this image made up of its various body parts of differing metals. Why do I say that? Because Nebuchadnezzar had to see it this way in order for it to make sense of what God was showing him, not only for the then and now during his lifetime but, moreover, onward throughout man’s history during the Gentile times and beyond when Christ would rule. The inferior nature as to the next kingdom, the Medes and Persians, had nothing to do with land masses. That is easily seen by the fact that God did not describe the head of gold as being bigger than the torso. Rather, the descending worth or value of each metal was referring to the quality of each succeeding kingdom. Equally, the image starting with the head of gold with each diminishing value of metal until the whole statue is reduced to dust is a good analogy as to how man started. Refined and precious bristling in a righteous God-given life in paradise only to fall into sin with the ultimate result of becoming the dust of the ground by the sin debt we have all inherited. If we stopped there we would all be condemned to a life separated from our Maker. But the book of Daniel doesn’t stop there.  It goes on to show a future when those whom God has chosen from eternity past will share in the kingdom of His Son, Jesus Christ.

While man’s degenerative state continues unabated, history records that the inferiority of these metals [representing the world empires of the Gentiles] obviously related to the quality and organization that each subsequent kingdom had. None, after Babylon, displayed the kind of organized quality and system of power that Babylon experienced. In Jeremiah 25:5-11 we are told that God had given everything into Nebuchadnezzar’s hand. No such decree has ever been voiced by God to the other kingdoms represented by the image of descending metals in Daniel’s dream. Despite this descending value of each metal [kingdoms], it permits the increased militaristic might that is now apparent today versus all the preceding powers many centuries ago. Had that not been the case one could argue that Babylon would still be the world power which of course it is not.

At the end of chapter two, Daniel reveals a kingdom separate from those of the image. The reversal of all the above is when all of these Gentile kingdoms are destroyed by non-other than Jesus Christ Himself.